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Table 1 Frequencies of Responses to Items related to Knowledge of Academic Integrity and Misconduct

From: International students’ knowledge and emotions related to academic integrity at Canadian postsecondary institutions

Survey items Disagree Neutral Agree n
n % n % n %  
Submitting original papers and assignments every single time encourages originality. 3 5.3 4 7.0 50 87.7 57
Submitting original papers and assignments every single time helps me to develop better writing skills. 3 5.3 4 7.0 50 87.7 57
Writing my own tests, assignments, and exams myself helps me gain valuable feedback on how much I am learning. 3 5.3 4 7.0 50 87.7 57
Writing my own tests, assignments, and exams myself helps instructors fairly assess my knowledge. 6 10.5 2 3.5 49 86.0 57
I can re-use previous assignments in other classes if the topic is relevant because it is my own work.a 20 35.1 14 24.6 23 40.3 57
Proper citation of someone else’s work or ideas acknowledges their hard work and contributions to knowledge. 1 1.9 2 3.7 51 94.4 54
I must have the courage to ask my instructors for extensions on assignments stating the true reasons rather than misrepresent the truth to get extensions. 2 3.7 2 3.7 50 92.6 54
I can seek help from or give help to another student on assignments and tests without the instructor permitting such collaboration.a 40 74.0 6 11.1 8 14.8 54
I would report another student for buying an essay online. 9 16.7 19 35.2 26 48.2 54
If an assignment requires me to describe my observations of an event, or a situation I have experienced, it is acceptable for me to use my imagination and make up details that didn’t happen.a 34 63 9 16.7 11 20.4 54
It is acceptable to allow your friends to read your essay to understand its format or structure. 14 23.3 10 16.7 36 60.0 60
It is acceptable to allow your friends to read your essay and use some of your ideas in their papers.a 46 76.7 11 18.3 3 5.0 60
If my instructor is not likely to find the source that I used in my assignment, I don’t have to cite it.a 52 86.7 2 3.3 6 10.0 60
Even if exam regulations do not permit electronic devices in the examination room, you can take your phone into the room provided it is on airplane mode.a 50 83.3 4 6.7 6 10.0 60
If I have to miss a class, or a classmate has to miss a class, we can sign in for one another to ensure we don’t lose participation points.a 56 93.3 4 6.7   60
  1. Responses of Strongly disagree and Disagree, and Strongly agree and Agree were combined due to very small number of responses in some categories
  2. aIndicates the items that were reversed scored to calculate Integrity scores. Percentages for each item are calculated from the total number of responses for that item. Rows in bold font show noteworthy results and are described in the text