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Table 2 Profiles of the interviewed ghost-writers

From: A close encounter with ghost-writers: an initial exploration study on background, strategies and attitudes of independent essay providers

Writer No Contacted via Master’s degree Doctorate degree Expertise
Commercial Essay Provider 1a Email YES (MSc) YES (Bioinformatics) Bioscience
Commercial Essay Provider 2a Email YES (MSc) NO Various
Commercial Essay Provider 3a Email YES (MA) NO Various
Amateur Writer 4b Face to face YES (MSc) NO Bioscience
Commercial Essay Provider 5a Face to face YES (MBA) NO Various
Amateur Writer 6b Face to face YES (MSc) NO Various
Amateur Writer 7b Email YES (MSc) NO Chemistry
Amateur Writer 8b Email NO (BSc only) NO Engineering
Commercial Essay Provider 9a Face to face YES (ND) NO Various
Commercial Essay Provider 10a Face to face YES (ND) NO Various
  1. aCommercial Essay Provider = well established group of writing network
  2. bAmateur Writer = non-professional independent writer
  3. ND Not disclosed