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Table 2 Frequency and Typology of Integrity breaches in GES

From: Breaches of integrity in teacher administration in Ghana

Variable Subscale Frequency Percentage
Have you ever paid money to any GES official for your request to be processed? Yes 207 76.7
No 63 23.3
Frequency of paying bribes at GES offices Once a while 74 35.7
Every time 133 64.3
How was it done? Offered due to frustration 26 12.6
Offered on the advice of friends that it is the tradition 90 43.4
Demanded by the official 91 44.0