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Table 1 REI leadership principles and respective competencies

From: Facilitating development of research ethics and integrity leadership competencies


Competencies displaying the principle

1. Considering people’s needs

Considering the people’s needs (Cardona 2000)

Reaching out to the others’ needs (Cardona 2000)

Contributing to the people’s personal development (asking: ‘do those served grow as persons, do they become healthier, wiser, more autonomous, more likely to serve others?’) (Cardona 2000)

Being concerned with people themselves [empathy and connection with personal life] (Crews 2015; Cardona 2000)

2. Developing the community

Training and engaging the research community to make common values and beliefs apparent (Treviño et al. 2003; Crews 2015)

Making sure everyone knows the practices of the institution and actively participating in them (Treviño et al. 2003; Crews 2015)

Being aware that only people who care about each other are able to disagree and give honest feedback (Cardona 2000)

3. Developing personal competencies

Having the competence to negotiate, create and communicate vision, making human interaction a habit (Avolio and Gardner 2005)

Showing integrity and capacity to think of others’ needs before one’s owns, serving the community, serving first (Cardona 2000)

If you as a leader reach your limit, you need to be able to forward the issue to a suitable person/institution (Treviño et al. 2003; Crews 2015; Avolio and Gardner 2005)

4. Focusing on open culture

Making yourself available (open door/ move among your people/ participate in discussions as a partner) (Treviño et al. 2003; Crews 2015)

Making sure people have the confidence and courage to turn to you (Avolio and Gardner 2005; Cardona 2000)