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Table 3 Recommendations for Early Career Researchers for ethical Research

From: Unethical practices within medical research and publication – An exploratory study

Pre-investigatory training phase Laboratory investigation phase Dissemination phase
Read around the subject area, methodologies (and their potential flaws) Think about your own research integrity. Do not let others influence your morals Truthfully report what the data show in relation to hypothesis
Learn about ethical principles and their applications to prepare your ethics application Avoid data manipulation, selective usage, stealing results from others tc. Defend your findings with facts supported by critical analysis
Prepare for ethical application with power calculations, statistics , Gannt chart etc. Repeat to ascertain reproducibility and always consider outliers Avoid plagiarism, data manipulation and/or data recycling
Complete health and safety course, risk assessments and COSSH Be truthful and avoid manipulation or selective usage Accept the shortcomings and discuss future directions
Build a meaningful working relationship with your supervisor/guide Record all the findings for future reference and analysis Answer/address reviewers questions with integrity
Acquire the necessary technical knowledge and train yourself Challenge your findings by critical analysis Accept the methodological flaws and address the issues highlighted by the reviewers