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Table 5 EM causes evaluation in case studies

From: Attitudes towards cheating behavior during assessing students᾽performance: student and teacher perspectives

  Role Irresponsibility, laziness, indolence Pressure from family The goal is a grade or some other extrinsic motive Bad time planning and bad learning strategies Lack of pedagogical competencies of a teacher Fear, anxiety, diffidence Disadvantages of (higher education) system Poor ethical qualities Money
Case study 2Total 112 Teacher 3 0 18 0 0 0 15 0 0
% 2.68 0 16.07 0 0 0 13.39 0 0
Student 8 1 54 1 3 3 1 5 0
% 7.14 0.89 48.21 0.89 2.68 2.68 0.89 4.46 0
Case study 3Total 86 Teacher 6 0 2 3 3 0 7 11 0
% 6.98 0 2.33 3.49 3.49 0 8.14 12.79 0
Student 28 0 7 1 17 0 1 0 0
% 32.56 0 8.14 1.16 19.77 0 1.16 0 0
Case study 4Total 108 Teacher 5 0 3 2 6 4 9 0 0
% 4.63 0 2.78 1.85 5.56 3.70 8.33 0 0
Student 49 0 17 3 0 9 1 0 0
% 45.37 0 15.74 2.78 0 8.33 0.93 0 0
Case study 5Total 108 Teacher 4 9 2 7 0 4 13 0 0
% 3.70 8.33 1.85 6.48 0 3.70 12.04 0 0
Student 23 1 6 12 0 27 0 0 0
% 21.30 0.93 5.56 11.11 0 25 0 0 0
Case study 6Total 139 Teacher 4 3 4 9 1 9 10 0 0
% 2.88 2.16 2.88 6.47 0.72 6.47 7.19 0 0
Student 8 7 5 10 5 61 3 0 0
% 5.76 5.04 3.60 7.19 3.60 43.88 2.16 0 0
Case study 7Total 134 Teacher 0 0 1 6 22 2 1 4 0
% 0 0 0.75 4.48 16.42 1.49 0.75 2.99 0
Student 10 1 4 12 64 6 1 0 0
% 7.46 0.75 2.99 8.96 47.76 4.48 0.75 0 0
Case study 8Total 114 Teacher 7 5 1 4 8 0 12 0 1
% 6.14 4.39 0.88 3.51 7.02 0 10.53 0 0.88
Student 17 12 14 0 23 0 3 0 7
% 14.91 10.53 12.28 0 20.18 0 2.63 0 6.14